Archaeology and Geology
Wandering hunter gatherers seem to have reached Rannoch about 9,000 years ago and permanent settlements started about 3,000 years later, proven as the result of archaeological excavations.
Bunrannoch (OS NN663578 and OS NN666579) just east of the loch was also an area that attracted settlers, with its fertile land, again showing burial mounds (Seomar na Stainge OS NN674583). Some parts of the settlement were later ‘modernised’, with at least one longhouse being built on an earlier Bronze Age hut circle, some material possibly being recycled! These later homesteads have been dated at around 1250 AD, with cereals being grown and livestock kept, and a modest metal working industry shown from bloomery workings.
Archaeological investigations at Bunrannoch unearthed a hoard of bronze axes in the 1990s. Earlier, somewhere between 1820 and 1830, a bronze armlet was found. This form of Iron Age jewellery is distinctly Scottish, made for the aristocracy in the first and second centuries AD, and symbolic of power and prestige. Unwound, the whole length of the armlet is 80.6cms, and it weighs 510gms. These artefacts are all now in collections held by the National Museum of Scotland.
Rannoch has a fascinating geological history, details of which can be found on Geology of Rannoch
Loch Rannoch is home to at least two known crannogs (ancient lake dwellings), only one is now visible above the surface
Many cup-marked stones are to be found, at Clach na h-Jobairte and Tullochcroisk. They are all some of the unsolved mysteries of prehistory.
Archaeological investigations at Bunrannoch have unearthed a hoard of bronze axes and an Iron Age bronze armlet distinctly Scottish in style.